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 Jemaah Anshorut Daulah

Also known as: Jamaah Ansharet Daulat, Jamaah Ansharut Daulat, Jamaah Ansharut Daulah, Jamaah Ansharud Daulah, JAD

This statement is based on publicly available information about Jemaah Anshorut Daulah. To the Australian Government's knowledge, this information is accurate, reliable and has been corroborated by classified information.

Basis for listing a terrorist organisation

Division 102 of the Criminal Code  provides that for an organisation to be listed as a terrorist organisation, the Minister must be satisfied on reasonable grounds that the organisation:

  1. is directly or indirectly engaged in, preparing, planning, or assisting in or fostering the doing of a terrorist act; or
  2. advocates the doing of a terrorist act.

For the purposes of listing a terrorist organisation under the Criminal Code, the doing of a terrorist act includes the doing of a specific terrorist act, the doing of more than one terrorist act and the doing of a terrorist act, even if a terrorist act does not occur.

Background to this listing

This is the first time Jemaah Anshorut Daulah has been proscribed by the Australian Government as a terrorist organisation.

Terrorist activity of the organisation

Objectives

Jemaah Anshorut Daulah's primary objective is the establishment of an Islamic State under Shariah law in Indonesia. Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is an umbrella organisation for smaller extremist groups supporting Islamic State. Jemaah Anshorut Daulah publically pledged its bay'ah(allegiance) to the proscribed terrorist organisation Islamic State in 2015 and its aims are consistent with those of Islamic State.

Directly or indirectly engaged in, preparing, planning, assisting in or fostering the doing of terrorist acts

To achieve its objectives, Jemaah Anshorut Daulah continues to conduct terrorist attacks against police and civilian targets in Indonesia. Tactics employed include armed assaults, and bombings with intent to kill.

Recent examples of terrorist attacks and actions for which Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is responsible, or can be reliably held responsible include:

  • 14 May 2018: a family of five conducted a suicide bombing attack at a police station in Surabaya, East Java, wounding seven. Police also raided the residence of another individual and located a further six improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
  • 13 May 2018: a family of six conducted coordinated suicide bombing attacks on three churches in Surabaya, East Java, killing 13 people and wounding over 40. An IED also detonated at the residence of a second family associated with this family.
  • 8 May 2018: individuals detained for, or convicted of terrorism offences rioted at Kelapa Dua mobile brigade (BRIMOB) headquarters detention facility in Depok, south-west of Jakarta. The incident resulted in the deaths of five Indonesian National Police (POLRI) detachment-88 (Det 88) counter-terrorism officers. 
  • 11 February 2018: an extremist attacked a church congregation in Yogyakarta with a sword, wounding four civilians.
  • 31 December 2017: an extremist threw Molotov cocktails at police in Makassar.

Historical attacks of note include:

  • 24 May 2017: two suicide bombers attacked a police post in Kampung Melayu, killing three police officers.
  • 14 January 2016: four people were killed and 25 wounded following an attack by a suicide bomber and gunmen in central Jakarta.

On the basis of these examples, ASIO assesses JAD is responsible for directly or indirectly engaging in, preparing, planning, assisting in or fostering the doing of terrorist acts.

Advocating the doing of terrorist acts

Jemaah Anshorut Daulah has advocated the doing of terrorist acts, including:

  • Jemaah Anshorut Daulah has directly called for terrorist attacks in Indonesia with their leader, Aman Abdurrahman, issuing a fatwa(directive) in early January 2016. This fatwawas circulated throughout the  Indonesian extremist community and urged extremists to either emigrate to the Islamic State in Syria, or to conduct jihad wherever they are located, or to encourage others to conduct jihad, or to provide finances in support of others jihad. 
  • ASIO assesses that the use of the term 'jihad' in this context is in reference to conducting terrorist acts.

Details of the organisation

Jemaah Anshorut Daulah—'Partisans of the [Islamic] State'—is aligned with Islamic State and follows an extreme interpretation of Islam which is anti-Western, promotes sectarian violence and classifies those who do not agree with its interpretation as legitimate targets for attack. It opposes elected governments, seeking to remove them through violence if necessary.

Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is the largest pro-Islamic State group in Indonesia, acting as an umbrella organisation for Islamic State supporters. Jemaah Anshorut Daulah was formed in 2015 by Abu Bakar Ba'asyir when he and his associates from al-Qa'ida aligned group Jemaah Ansharut Tauhid (JAT) pledged allegiance to Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

Since pledging allegiance to Islamic State, Jemaah Anshorut Daulah has conducted increasingly violent acts to achieve its goals, including suicide bombings. Given its allegiance to Islamic State, attacks conducted by Jemaah Anshorut Daulah are often claimed by Islamic State. For example, Jemaah Anshorut Daulah's attacks in Surabaya and at the Indonesian Police Mobile Brigade Headquarters prison in Jakarta during May 2018 were conducted by Jemaah Anshorut Daulah but were also claimed by Islamic State. This is similar to the 2016 Thamrin and 2017 Kampang Melayu attacks that were conducted by Jemaah Anshorut Daulah and claimed by Islamic State. 

Leadership

Terrorism prisoner Oman Rochman (also known as Aman Abdurrahman), detained in preparation for his court case for his involvement in the 2016 Jakarta bombings, remains the emir of Jemaah Anshorut Daulah, despite his continued isolation within prison limiting his ability to communicate with his followers. Other ideologues and senior members of Jemaah Anshorut Daulah include Iman Dharmawan (also known as Rois), Zaenal Anshori and Musola Bin Rasim—all of whom have been charged for terrorism related offences in Indonesia and are currently in prison.

Membership

The total membership of Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is unclear. Membership is susceptible to fluctuation as members may move between extremist groups, follow other ideologues or may follow the group as individuals, aligning with the Islamic State cause without officially joining the group. The group is also a natural partner for any Indonesians wishing to travel to Syria/Iraq, deportees from the conflict zone or frustrated travellers who have been denied the opportunity to travel.  Branches of Jemaah Anshorut Daulah are present across the Indonesian archipelago.

Recruitment and funding

Local and regional recruits are drawn to Jemaah Anshorut Daulah due to their ideological support for the organisation's objectives, including violently establishing an Islamic State under Shariah law. Terrorism activities of Jemaah Anshorut Daulah have been funded by prominent Islamic State-aligned Indonesian extremist ideologues in Syria and Iraq, including Bahrun Naim and Bahrumsyah.

Links to other terrorist organisations

Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is affiliated with Islamic State.

As the primary Islamic State-aligned group in Indonesia, Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is also comprised of members who now align with the Islamic State ideology but were previously aligned with other Indonesia-based Islamist extremist groups, including Jemaah Islamiyah, Jemaah Anshorut Tauhid and Mujahidin Indonesia Timur.  

Links to Australia

At present there are no known links of security concern between Jemaah Anshorut Daulah and Australia. There have previously been links between Australians and Indonesian terrorist groups.

Threats to Australian interests

Jemaah Anshorut Daulah has not made statements specifically threatening Australians or Australian interests. However, given Jemaah Anshorut Daulah's use of indiscriminate tactics such as suicide bombings and the group's allegiance to Islamic State, who have an anti-western ideology, it is possible that Australia or Australian interests could be the target of or impacted by future attacks, particularly due to the considerable number of Australian interests in Indonesia.

Listed by the United Nations or like-minded countries

Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is listed by the United States and the United Kingdom as a terrorist organisation.  

Engagement in peace or mediation processes

Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is not engaged in any peace or mediation processes with the Indonesian Government.

Conclusion

On the basis of the above information, ASIO assesses that Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is directly or indirectly engaged in, preparing, planning, assisting in or fostering the doing of terrorist acts or advocates the doing of terrorist acts.

In the course of pursuing its objectives, Jemaah Anshorut Daulah is known to have committed or threatened actions that:

  1. cause, or could cause, death, serious harm to persons, serious damage to property, endanger life (other than the life of the person taking the action), or create a serious risk to the health or safety of the public or a section of the public;
  2. are intended to have those effects;
  3. are done with the intention of advancing Jemaah Anshorut Daulah's political, religious or ideological causes;
  4. are done with the intention of intimidating the government of one or more foreign countries;
  5. and are done with the intention of intimidating the public or sections of the public.