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 Declared area offence

The offence of entering, or remaining in, a declared area is located at section 119.2 of the Criminal Code Act 1995. The provision makes it an offence for a person to intentionally enter, or remain in, a declared area in a foreign country where the person knows, or should know, that the area is a declared area. The maximum penalty for this offence is 10 years' imprisonment.

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may declare an area in a foreign country if they are satisfied that a listed terrorist organisation is engaging in a hostile activity in that area. Australia's security and intelligence agencies are responsible for providing advice to inform the Minister's decision.

The government is concerned about Australians who travel to conflict zones and return to Australia with skills and intentions acquired from fighting or training with terrorist groups. The areas targeted by the 'declared area' provisions are extremely dangerous locations.

For more information about the declared area offence, go to the Frequently asked questions page.

For more information on the process and requirements that apply to the declaration of an area, go to the Protocol for declaring an area page.

If the Minister for Foreign Affairs declares an area, information about that declaration, including the Statement of Reasons in support of the declaration, will be available on this page.

Declared areas

Mosul district, Ninewa province in Iraq

On 2 March 2018, the Minister for Foreign Affairs declared Mosul district in the Ninewa province of Iraq as an area where a listed terrorist organisation is engaging in hostile activity. The declaration came into effect on 3 March 2018.

The Minister for Foreign Affairs first declared Mosul district on 2 March 2015 with effect from 3 March 2015.

The Minister for Foreign Affairs revoked the declaration of Mosul district under subsection 119.3(5) with effect from 19 December 2019.

While it is no longer a criminal offence to enter or remain in Mosul district, the security situation continues to be extremely dangerous and Iraq remains a 'do not travel' destination. Our ability to provide consular assistance to Australians in Iraq remains extremely limited due to the security situation.

Those who entered or remained in Mosul district between 3 March 2015 and 18 December 2019 will still be subject to investigation, and possible arrest and prosecution by Australian authorities for breaches of declared area laws.

Mosul district is the area outlined as 'Mosul District' in the maps below. Click for full size image.

Map of the Mosmul district, Iraq, ISIL Declared areaMap of the Mosmul district, Iraq, ISIL Declared area and surrounding countries: Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Iran and Kuwait  

Al-Raqqa province in Syria

On 4 December 2014 the Minister for Foreign Affairs declared al-Raqqa province in Syria as an area where a listed terrorist organisation is engaging in hostile activity. The declaration came into effect on 5 December 2014.

The Minister for Foreign Affairs revoked the declaration of al-Raqqa province under subsection 119.3(5) with effect from 29 November 2017.

While it is no longer a criminal offence to enter or remain in al-Raqqa province, the security situation continues to be extremely dangerous and Syria remains a 'do not travel' destination. Australian Government consular assistance is not available in Syria.

Those who entered or remained in al-Raqqa province between 5 December 2014 and 28 November 2017, will still be subject to investigation, and possible arrest and prosecution by Australian authorities for breaches of declared area laws. It remains illegal for Australian citizens to provide any kind of support to, or to fight with, any armed group in Syria.

The al-Raqqa province is the area outlined as 'al Raqqa' in the maps below. Click for full size image.

Syrian Provience map Syrian Provience map